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15Using Creative Commons Public Licenses
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17Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and
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24     Considerations for licensors: Our public licenses are
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57Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
58
59By exercising the Licensed Rights (defined below), You accept and agree
60to be bound by the terms and conditions of this Creative Commons
61Attribution 4.0 International Public License ("Public License"). To the
62extent this Public License may be interpreted as a contract, You are
63granted the Licensed Rights in consideration of Your acceptance of
64these terms and conditions, and the Licensor grants You such rights in
65consideration of benefits the Licensor receives from making the
66Licensed Material available under these terms and conditions.
67
68
69Section 1 -- Definitions.
70
71  a. Adapted Material means material subject to Copyright and Similar
72     Rights that is derived from or based upon the Licensed Material
73     and in which the Licensed Material is translated, altered,
74     arranged, transformed, or otherwise modified in a manner requiring
75     permission under the Copyright and Similar Rights held by the
76     Licensor. For purposes of this Public License, where the Licensed
77     Material is a musical work, performance, or sound recording,
78     Adapted Material is always produced where the Licensed Material is
79     synched in timed relation with a moving image.
80
81  b. Adapter's License means the license You apply to Your Copyright
82     and Similar Rights in Your contributions to Adapted Material in
83     accordance with the terms and conditions of this Public License.
84
85  c. Copyright and Similar Rights means copyright and/or similar rights
86     closely related to copyright including, without limitation,
87     performance, broadcast, sound recording, and Sui Generis Database
88     Rights, without regard to how the rights are labeled or
89     categorized. For purposes of this Public License, the rights
90     specified in Section 2(b)(1)-(2) are not Copyright and Similar
91     Rights.
92
93  d. Effective Technological Measures means those measures that, in the
94     absence of proper authority, may not be circumvented under laws
95     fulfilling obligations under Article 11 of the WIPO Copyright
96     Treaty adopted on December 20, 1996, and/or similar international
97     agreements.
98
99  e. Exceptions and Limitations means fair use, fair dealing, and/or
100     any other exception or limitation to Copyright and Similar Rights
101     that applies to Your use of the Licensed Material.
102
103  f. Licensed Material means the artistic or literary work, database,
104     or other material to which the Licensor applied this Public
105     License.
106
107  g. Licensed Rights means the rights granted to You subject to the
108     terms and conditions of this Public License, which are limited to
109     all Copyright and Similar Rights that apply to Your use of the
110     Licensed Material and that the Licensor has authority to license.
111
112  h. Licensor means the individual(s) or entity(ies) granting rights
113     under this Public License.
114
115  i. Share means to provide material to the public by any means or
116     process that requires permission under the Licensed Rights, such
117     as reproduction, public display, public performance, distribution,
118     dissemination, communication, or importation, and to make material
119     available to the public including in ways that members of the
120     public may access the material from a place and at a time
121     individually chosen by them.
122
123  j. Sui Generis Database Rights means rights other than copyright
124     resulting from Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of
125     the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases,
126     as amended and/or succeeded, as well as other essentially
127     equivalent rights anywhere in the world.
128
129  k. You means the individual or entity exercising the Licensed Rights
130     under this Public License. Your has a corresponding meaning.
131
132
133Section 2 -- Scope.
134
135  a. License grant.
136
137       1. Subject to the terms and conditions of this Public License,
138          the Licensor hereby grants You a worldwide, royalty-free,
139          non-sublicensable, non-exclusive, irrevocable license to
140          exercise the Licensed Rights in the Licensed Material to:
141
142            a. reproduce and Share the Licensed Material, in whole or
143               in part; and
144
145            b. produce, reproduce, and Share Adapted Material.
146
147       2. Exceptions and Limitations. For the avoidance of doubt, where
148          Exceptions and Limitations apply to Your use, this Public
149          License does not apply, and You do not need to comply with
150          its terms and conditions.
151
152       3. Term. The term of this Public License is specified in Section
153          6(a).
154
155       4. Media and formats; technical modifications allowed. The
156          Licensor authorizes You to exercise the Licensed Rights in
157          all media and formats whether now known or hereafter created,
158          and to make technical modifications necessary to do so. The
159          Licensor waives and/or agrees not to assert any right or
160          authority to forbid You from making technical modifications
161          necessary to exercise the Licensed Rights, including
162          technical modifications necessary to circumvent Effective
163          Technological Measures. For purposes of this Public License,
164          simply making modifications authorized by this Section 2(a)
165          (4) never produces Adapted Material.
166
167       5. Downstream recipients.
168
169            a. Offer from the Licensor -- Licensed Material. Every
170               recipient of the Licensed Material automatically
171               receives an offer from the Licensor to exercise the
172               Licensed Rights under the terms and conditions of this
173               Public License.
174
175            b. No downstream restrictions. You may not offer or impose
176               any additional or different terms or conditions on, or
177               apply any Effective Technological Measures to, the
178               Licensed Material if doing so restricts exercise of the
179               Licensed Rights by any recipient of the Licensed
180               Material.
181
182       6. No endorsement. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or
183          may be construed as permission to assert or imply that You
184          are, or that Your use of the Licensed Material is, connected
185          with, or sponsored, endorsed, or granted official status by,
186          the Licensor or others designated to receive attribution as
187          provided in Section 3(a)(1)(A)(i).
188
189  b. Other rights.
190
191       1. Moral rights, such as the right of integrity, are not
192          licensed under this Public License, nor are publicity,
193          privacy, and/or other similar personality rights; however, to
194          the extent possible, the Licensor waives and/or agrees not to
195          assert any such rights held by the Licensor to the limited
196          extent necessary to allow You to exercise the Licensed
197          Rights, but not otherwise.
198
199       2. Patent and trademark rights are not licensed under this
200          Public License.
201
202       3. To the extent possible, the Licensor waives any right to
203          collect royalties from You for the exercise of the Licensed
204          Rights, whether directly or through a collecting society
205          under any voluntary or waivable statutory or compulsory
206          licensing scheme. In all other cases the Licensor expressly
207          reserves any right to collect such royalties.
208
209
210Section 3 -- License Conditions.
211
212Your exercise of the Licensed Rights is expressly made subject to the
213following conditions.
214
215  a. Attribution.
216
217       1. If You Share the Licensed Material (including in modified
218          form), You must:
219
220            a. retain the following if it is supplied by the Licensor
221               with the Licensed Material:
222
223                 i. identification of the creator(s) of the Licensed
224                    Material and any others designated to receive
225                    attribution, in any reasonable manner requested by
226                    the Licensor (including by pseudonym if
227                    designated);
228
229                ii. a copyright notice;
230
231               iii. a notice that refers to this Public License;
232
233                iv. a notice that refers to the disclaimer of
234                    warranties;
235
236                 v. a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the
237                    extent reasonably practicable;
238
239            b. indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and
240               retain an indication of any previous modifications; and
241
242            c. indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this
243               Public License, and include the text of, or the URI or
244               hyperlink to, this Public License.
245
246       2. You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any
247          reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in
248          which You Share the Licensed Material. For example, it may be
249          reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a URI or
250          hyperlink to a resource that includes the required
251          information.
252
253       3. If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the
254          information required by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent
255          reasonably practicable.
256
257       4. If You Share Adapted Material You produce, the Adapter's
258          License You apply must not prevent recipients of the Adapted
259          Material from complying with this Public License.
260
261
262Section 4 -- Sui Generis Database Rights.
263
264Where the Licensed Rights include Sui Generis Database Rights that
265apply to Your use of the Licensed Material:
266
267  a. for the avoidance of doubt, Section 2(a)(1) grants You the right
268     to extract, reuse, reproduce, and Share all or a substantial
269     portion of the contents of the database;
270
271  b. if You include all or a substantial portion of the database
272     contents in a database in which You have Sui Generis Database
273     Rights, then the database in which You have Sui Generis Database
274     Rights (but not its individual contents) is Adapted Material; and
275
276  c. You must comply with the conditions in Section 3(a) if You Share
277     all or a substantial portion of the contents of the database.
278
279For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 4 supplements and does not
280replace Your obligations under this Public License where the Licensed
281Rights include other Copyright and Similar Rights.
282
283
284Section 5 -- Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability.
285
286  a. UNLESS OTHERWISE SEPARATELY UNDERTAKEN BY THE LICENSOR, TO THE
287     EXTENT POSSIBLE, THE LICENSOR OFFERS THE LICENSED MATERIAL AS-IS
288     AND AS-AVAILABLE, AND MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF
289     ANY KIND CONCERNING THE LICENSED MATERIAL, WHETHER EXPRESS,
290     IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHER. THIS INCLUDES, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
291     WARRANTIES OF TITLE, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
292     PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, ABSENCE OF LATENT OR OTHER DEFECTS,
293     ACCURACY, OR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF ERRORS, WHETHER OR NOT
294     KNOWN OR DISCOVERABLE. WHERE DISCLAIMERS OF WARRANTIES ARE NOT
295     ALLOWED IN FULL OR IN PART, THIS DISCLAIMER MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
296
297  b. TO THE EXTENT POSSIBLE, IN NO EVENT WILL THE LICENSOR BE LIABLE
298     TO YOU ON ANY LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION,
299     NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE FOR ANY DIRECT, SPECIAL, INDIRECT,
300     INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, PUNITIVE, EXEMPLARY, OR OTHER LOSSES,
301     COSTS, EXPENSES, OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THIS PUBLIC LICENSE OR
302     USE OF THE LICENSED MATERIAL, EVEN IF THE LICENSOR HAS BEEN
303     ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES, OR
304     DAMAGES. WHERE A LIMITATION OF LIABILITY IS NOT ALLOWED IN FULL OR
305     IN PART, THIS LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
306
307  c. The disclaimer of warranties and limitation of liability provided
308     above shall be interpreted in a manner that, to the extent
309     possible, most closely approximates an absolute disclaimer and
310     waiver of all liability.
311
312
313Section 6 -- Term and Termination.
314
315  a. This Public License applies for the term of the Copyright and
316     Similar Rights licensed here. However, if You fail to comply with
317     this Public License, then Your rights under this Public License
318     terminate automatically.
319
320  b. Where Your right to use the Licensed Material has terminated under
321     Section 6(a), it reinstates:
322
323       1. automatically as of the date the violation is cured, provided
324          it is cured within 30 days of Your discovery of the
325          violation; or
326
327       2. upon express reinstatement by the Licensor.
328
329     For the avoidance of doubt, this Section 6(b) does not affect any
330     right the Licensor may have to seek remedies for Your violations
331     of this Public License.
332
333  c. For the avoidance of doubt, the Licensor may also offer the
334     Licensed Material under separate terms or conditions or stop
335     distributing the Licensed Material at any time; however, doing so
336     will not terminate this Public License.
337
338  d. Sections 1, 5, 6, 7, and 8 survive termination of this Public
339     License.
340
341
342Section 7 -- Other Terms and Conditions.
343
344  a. The Licensor shall not be bound by any additional or different
345     terms or conditions communicated by You unless expressly agreed.
346
347  b. Any arrangements, understandings, or agreements regarding the
348     Licensed Material not stated herein are separate from and
349     independent of the terms and conditions of this Public License.
350
351
352Section 8 -- Interpretation.
353
354  a. For the avoidance of doubt, this Public License does not, and
355     shall not be interpreted to, reduce, limit, restrict, or impose
356     conditions on any use of the Licensed Material that could lawfully
357     be made without permission under this Public License.
358
359  b. To the extent possible, if any provision of this Public License is
360     deemed unenforceable, it shall be automatically reformed to the
361     minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable. If the provision
362     cannot be reformed, it shall be severed from this Public License
363     without affecting the enforceability of the remaining terms and
364     conditions.
365
366  c. No term or condition of this Public License will be waived and no
367     failure to comply consented to unless expressly agreed to by the
368     Licensor.
369
370  d. Nothing in this Public License constitutes or may be interpreted
371     as a limitation upon, or waiver of, any privileges and immunities
372     that apply to the Licensor or You, including from the legal
373     processes of any jurisdiction or authority.
374
375
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