1/* 2 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1993 3 * The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved. 4 * 5 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without 6 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions 7 * are met: 8 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright 9 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer. 10 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright 11 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the 12 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution. 13 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software 14 * must display the following acknowledgement: 15 * This product includes software developed by the University of 16 * California, Berkeley and its contributors. 17 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors 18 * may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software 19 * without specific prior written permission. 20 * 21 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND 22 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE 23 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE 24 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE 25 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL 26 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS 27 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) 28 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT 29 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY 30 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF 31 * SUCH DAMAGE. 32 */ 33 34#ifdefined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint) 35staticcharsccsid[] = "@(#)bsearch.c 8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93"; 36#endif/* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */ 37 38//#include <stddef.h> 39#include<stdlib.h> 40 41/* 42 * Perform a binary search. 43 * 44 * The code below is a bit sneaky. After a comparison fails, we 45 * divide the work in half by moving either left or right. If lim 46 * is odd, moving left simply involves halving lim: e.g., when lim 47 * is 5 we look at item 2, so we change lim to 2 so that we will 48 * look at items 0 & 1. If lim is even, the same applies. If lim 49 * is odd, moving right again involes halving lim, this time moving 50 * the base up one item past p: e.g., when lim is 5 we change base 51 * to item 3 and make lim 2 so that we will look at items 3 and 4. 52 * If lim is even, however, we have to shrink it by one before 53 * halving: e.g., when lim is 4, we still looked at item 2, so we 54 * have to make lim 3, then halve, obtaining 1, so that we will only 55 * look at item 3. 56 */ 57void* 58bsearch( 59voidconst*key, 60voidconst*base0, 61 size_t nmemb, 62 size_t size, 63int(*compar)(voidconst*,voidconst*) 64) 65{ 66charconst*base = base0; 67 size_t lim; 68intcmp; 69voidconst*p; 70 71for(lim = nmemb; lim != 0; lim >>= 1) { 72 p = base + (lim >> 1) * size; 73 cmp = (*compar)(key, p); 74if(cmp == 0) { 75return(void*)p; 76 } 77if(cmp > 0) { /* key > p: move right */ 78 base = (char*)p + size; 79 lim--; 80 } /* else move left */ 81 } 82 83returnNULL; 84} 85